Francis de Sales could not intend any spiritual relationship without some reciprocity, without communication, without “friendship”. Accordingly, he has never been the spiritual director of any souls without becoming their fellow-traveler for some while.
This does not mean he gave up his authority as a bishop, a confessor or a spiritual director. Rather, he carried out all of these guiding or counseling ministries by getting personally involved and consequently by revealing some deep aspects of himself.
Starting from this key the article tries to investigate his teaching on the practice and meaning of the spiritual direction in support of the construction of the Christian identity.

(author: Cristiano Passoni)

Summary ed.31 (I/2012)