The attack to the WTC of New York carried out by a group of islamic kamikaze hijackers ten years ago appeared to many as the fulfilment of the prophecy about the «clash of civilizations». The article questions this statement and its sociological and philosophical interpretations according to which the monotheist religions are what the Western world should be mostly afraid of. Starting from the analysis of the public role that religions have regained well before that tragic event of 2001, it affirms that the origin of the political-religious integralism is not to be found in problems of violated cultural identities, but in the use of religious codes as a way to react to serious situations of exclusion and injustice. Religions are not naturally connected with the feeling of fear. Therefore, they can give a considerable contribution to carry out some social and cultural policies dedicated to overcoming the strategies of fear.
(author: Paolo Boschini)